Impact of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) on quality of life

August 10, 2021

Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) has a substantial negative impact on quality of life and almost 70% of patients experienced major LARS 1-11 years after rectal surgery.

Pub Highlight Infographic August 21 AnnikaRectal cancer patients experience symptoms of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) several years after their rectal surgery with a substantial impact on quality of life (QoL) as shown in this observational cohort study.

Patients with major LARS had a significantly lower global health status than patients with minor or no LARS. Other QoL factors that had a significant and clinical effect on the patients were:

  • physical functioning
  • role functioning
  • social functioning
  • fatigue
  • insomnia
  • diarrhea

Symptoms for LARS are common and 69% of the patients experienced major LARS, but there is no standardized management. The treatment option most commonly used were diet and medication while other options like pelvic floor rehabilitation, transanal irrigation (TAI) and neuromodulation were rarely used.

The authors conclude that in addition to hard endpoints such as mortality and recurrence rates, more clinical focus on bowel problems in rectal cancer survivors is needed.

Download the Publication Highlight - Pape et al., European Journal of Oncology  Nursing 50 (2021) (PDF)

Topics: Bowel dysfunction, Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS), rectal cancer